|exceptional results with negligible faults|
|outstanding knowledge but showing some faults|
|good knowledge but showing some major faults|
|knowledge meeting minimum criteria|
|knowledge not meeting minimum criteria|
A candidate successfully completes an exam if he/she receives a grade between adequate (6) and excellent (10).
Performance at exams in doctoral studies can also be evaluated with the following grades:
The specific methods of assessing performance in exams in doctoral studies are set out in the respective doctoral degree programmes.