Climate change and health risks of exposure to environmental chemical pollutants

Datum objave: 19.04.2011

Kategorija: Aktualno na Univerzi

Rovira i Virgili University

Contact Person

DOMINGO, Jose L. (Dr)
Professor of Toxicology
Rovira i Virgili University

Contact
Telephone:              +34-977-759380        +34-977-759380
Fax: +34-977-759322

Collaboration

Project Proposal


Title: Climate change and health risks of exposure to environmental chemical pollutants

Type Details: The project will be aimed at determining the influence of environmental parameters such as temperature and rainfall, which are potentially altered/modulated by the climate change, on the environmental distribution and levels of various chemical pollutants, and consequently, on human health risks. Different groups of chemicals of notable concern will be considered: a) atmospheric chemicals, including O3, NO2, benzene, and particulate matter (PM); b) heavy metals (e.g., As, Cd, Hg, and Pb); and c) Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs), such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), as well as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). The project will be based on diverse cases-studies at European level, corresponding to zones with different climatologic conditions. Experimental data regarding environmental concentrations of the pollutants under study, as well as meteorological data, will be compiled for each area of study. Subsequently, specific fugacity models, according to the pollutant properties and the characteristics of each environmental compartment (air, soil, vegetation, etc.), will be developed to predict the environmental fate and transport. In order to consider the climate change impact, calculations will be made for different scenarios based on predicted values of meteorological parameters. Finally, a model to assess health risks of exposure to chemicals will be developed and validated with data from monitoring studies carried out concurrently. The execution of the project will help to elucidate if climate change, at local level, originates perturbations on the atmospheric pollution, as well as whether the hypothetical modification of its environmental concentrations significantly modify the human health risks. The last specific objective is to extrapolate the conclusions of the study to a global scale, according to the results obtained for different case-studies


Programme (Collaboration EU R&D): FP7-ENVIRONMENT


Expiry Date: 2012-02-01

Workprogramme area(s)


(FP7-ENVIRONMENT ENV-1) Climate change, pollution, and risks



Target Partner


Organisation Details

Rovira i Virgili University

Name: Rovira i Virgili University

Department: Laboratory of Toxicology and Environmental Health

Region: ESTE
CATALUNA
Tarragona

Address: Sant Llorenc, 21

Reus   43201 SPAIN


Type: Research

Number of Employees: > 500

Keywords: Climate change;Health risk assessment;Air pollutants;Meteorology;Modelling



RCN: 86677

Quality Validation Date: 2011-02-03

Update Date: 2011-02-04