Thermodynamics; advanced separation technology; modelling energy distribution schemes; energy saving

Datum objave: 01.06.2011

Kategorija: Aktualno na Univerzi

Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg

Contact Person

ARLT, Wolfgang (Professor, Dr)
Professor and chair
Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg

Contact
Telephone: +49-913-18527440
Fax: +49-913-18527441

Collaboration

Project Proposal


Title: Thermodynamics; advanced separation technology; modelling energy distribution schemes; energy saving

Type Details: Expertise of the chair TVT
The Chair of Separation Science & Technology performs research in separation problems based on sound thermodynamics.
When appropriate thermodynamic models for separation processes are lacking, new ones are developed. This strategy has been proved by a process for polymer recycling and the production of fine polymer particles. As an equation-of-state, the famous PC-SAFT EoS was developed. Further thermodynamic developments relate to a-priori prediction methods of thermophysical data like COSMO-RS.
Separation technology is expressed in unit operations like technical liquid-solid and liquid-liquid chromatography, membrane separations, and crystallization. The target compounds of these operations are organic substances such as polymers and products from chemistry, biotechnology, and pharmaceutical industry. On the basis of sound thermodynamics, mass transfer models are applied to solve mass balances aiming at process design. A new development is the micro design of apparatuses. Using non-invasive measurement techniques (tomography) based on X-ray or H-NMR, local mass transfer can be measured and quantified.
The chair emphasizes the unit operations using additional compounds. These can be membrane materials, polymers or entrainers in crystallization or distillation. The application of ionic liquids in unit operations is an especially important topic.
Unit operations are applied to the search for technical tools against climate change and the change of the energy supply. The research spans from the search for new scrubbing solvents for gaseous carbon dioxide in flue gas to thermodynamic considerations of compressed carbon dioxide as a storage option in rocks. Thermodynamical considerations are made for new energy delivering processes.


Programme (Collaboration EU R&D): FP7-ENERGY


Expiry Date: 2012-05-21

Workprogramme area(s)


(FP7-ENERGY ENERGY-5) CO2 capture and storage technologies for zero emission power generation


(FP7-ENERGY ENERGY-5.1) CO2 capture


(FP7-ENERGY ENERGY-5.2) CO2 STORAGE


(FP7-ENERGY ENERGY-2007-2.2-01) Advanced gas cleaning technologies for biomass


(FP7-ENERGY ENERGY-2007-5.1-04) Separation techniques in gaseous fuel power generation (RTD)


(FP7-ENERGY ENERGY) Energy


(FP7-ENERGY ENERGY-2007-5.1-03) Advanced separation techniques


(FP7-ENERGY ENERGY-1) Hydrogen and fuel cells


(FP7-ENERGY ENERGY-1.2) Hydrogen Supply


(FP7-ENERGY ENERGY-1.3) Cross-cutting issues and horizontal activities


(FP7-ENERGY ENERGY-2) Renewable electricity generation


(FP7-ENERGY ENERGY-2.1) Photovoltaics


(FP7-ENERGY ENERGY-2.5) Concentrated Solar Power


(FP7-ENERGY ENERGY-2007-4.4-01) Advanced compact storage systems


(FP7-ENERGY ENERGY.2009.5.1.1) Innovative capture techniques


(FP7-ENERGY ENERGY.2010.7.3-1) Energy storage systems for power distribution networks


(FP7-ENERGY ENERGY.2010.10.2-1) Future Emerging Technologies for Energy Applications (FET)


(FP7-ENERGY ENERGY-2007-5+6.2-04) Initiating a CO2 value chain in the energy sector using early opportunities


(FP7-ENERGY ENERGY-2007-3.2-02) New and advanced technologies for hydrolysis and/or fermentation of lignocellulosic biomass



Target Partner


Organisation Details

Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg

Name: Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg

Department: Chemie- und Bioingenieurwesen

Region: BAYERN
MITTELFRANKEN
Erlangen, Kreisfreie Stadt

Address: Egerlandstr. 3

Erlangen   91058 GERMANY


Type: Research

Number of Employees: > 500

Keywords: capture; CO2; energy balance; geological storage; thermodynamics; tomography

Partners already acquired: Siemens, E.ON, Bayer, BMW, Südchemie, Evonik



RCN: 85161

Quality Validation Date: 2011-05-22

Update Date: 2011-05-24