Most Prominent Research Achievements

University of Ljubljana every year traditionally opens the University Week with the presentation of the most prominent research achievements. The purpose of the event is to emphasize the university’s focus on research and to present those researchers who achieved especially visible results that year.

When selecting the creators of the ten most prominent research achievements of the University of Ljubljana, the commission primarily takes into account international prominence, which is evident from quotations and the influence of the journal in which the work was published. Also affecting the selection are the completed entirety of the achievement, the interest to the wider expert and general public and the benefits of its use.

1. Mechanism of object identification by means of detecting polarised light

The researchers have studied polarisation vision in horseflies; their findings are of fundamental importance for understanding animal vision, developmental biology of the nervous system, will serve in the fight against insect disease vectors, and also in the design of advanced systems for machine vision. 

Authors: Andrej Meglič, Primož Pirih, Aleš Škorjanc, Marko Kreft, Gregor Belušič, Marko Ilićan, Martin F. Wehling

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2. Visible contribution to knowledge about constant innovation

Although creativity and innovation are among the most important strategic priorities of modern organisations, empirical meta-analyses show that we do not sufficiently master innovation processes and platforms. Establishing the right balance between stability and change is vital.

Authors: Miha Škerlavaj, Spencer Harrison, Arne Carlsen

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3. New approach for improving the image resolution using artificial intelligence

A new deep convolutional model for super-resolution of faces, developed by researchers from the University of Ljubljana Faculty of Electrical Engineering and the University of Notre Dame in the US, can improve the resolution of facial images as much as 8 times.

Authors: Klemen Grm, Vitomir Štruc, Walter Scheirer

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4. Important step towards precise and safer immunotherapy of bee venom allergy

Researchers from the University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Pharmacy (Abida Zahirović, Borut Štrukelj, Mojca Lunder) and the University Clinic of Respiratory and Allergic Diseases Golnik (Ana Koren, Peter Kopač, Peter Korošec) identified thus far unknown IgE-epitopes of the main bee venom allergen Api m 1 and evaluated the immunotherapeutic potential of the peptides that mimic these epitopes (mimotopes).

Authors: Abida Zahirović, Borut Štrukelj, Mojca Lunder, Ana Koren, Peter Kopač, Peter Korošec

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5. Water is a cagey liquid

The statistical and mechanical model of water developed by researchers from the Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Technology of the University of Ljubljana and Stony Brook University, New York, points to its cage-like form and predicts well its energetic and volumetric properties.

Authors: Tomaž Urbič, Ken A. Dill

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6. Formulation of the new philosophical concept ‘disparities’

In 2019 the distinguished publishing house Bloomsbury published Slavoj Žižek’s exhaustive, over 400 pages-long monograph Disparities. This is a writing and publishing feat that can compare to his monumental study on Hegel and Lacan from 2013 entitled Less Than Nothing.

Authors: Slavoj Žižek

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7. Time in range targets for standardized data interpretation and decision making in diabetes

Based on data from randomized controlled trials, internationally accepted clinical guidelines have been published for the interpretation of data and to establish clear and easy-to-understand targets for continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) metrics that diabetes care teams and individuals with diabetes can work together to achieve.

Authors: Tadej Battelino, Klemen Dovč

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8. Development of production process for the first sustainable non-combustible polyamide 6 textile

The nanocomposite PA6/PHED is highly important for the production of high-technology technical textiles with high added value and PA6 plastic mass with reduced concentrations of flame-retardant additives. The innovation is also important in terms of sustainable development, since PA6 is one of the rare synthetic polymers that can be recycled through depolymerisation to a monomer.

Authors: Jelena Vasiljević, Barbara Simončič, Andrej Demšar, Barbara Golja, Mirjam Leskovšek, Vili Bokušek

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9. Positive environmental values are also developed through egoism

Positive environmental values can be also developed among young people, who are concerned about the environment principally because of their own future. On the other hand, the role of forests for nature and humans is more appreciated by those who spend more time in them and better understand the functioning of forest ecosystems.

Authors: Gregor Torkar, Urša Krašovec, Franz X. Bogner

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10. Membrane nanostructures are an important factor in the interaction of cells with their surroundings

The functions, development and migration of cells in different environments are associated with a change in their form. One of the mechanisms on which these processes are based is the formation of membrane micro- and nanostructures.

Authors: Miha Fošnarič, Veronika Kralj-Iglič, Aleš Iglič, Samo Penič, Brian R. Graziano, Jason P. Town, Tamas L. Nagy, Nir Gov, Alba Diz-Muñoz, Orion D. Weiner

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