● Avalible only for Erasmus+ students
× Lab exercises in English
⑤ In case of more than 5 exchange students the lectures will be held in English if agreement with Slovenian students is achieved
* Not available for Exchange students
Phone: +386 1 543 77 00
Structure of the bacterial cell, metabolism, reproduction of bacteria, bacterial genetics, naming, classification and dissemination of microbes. Normal bacterial flora, diagnostics of bacterial infections, collection and transport of samples for bacteriological examination. Disinfection and sterilization, antibiotics and chemotherapeutics, use of antibiotics, mechanisms of bacterial resistance to antibiotics, current problems of bacterial resistance, antibiogram. General characteristics of viruses, viral replication, viral genetics and origin of viruses, direct and indirect testing for viruses, molecular proofing of viruses, pathogenesis of viral infections, viral oncogenesis, natural antiviral resistance and antiviral immune response, chemotherapy of viral diseases. Characteristics of fungi and molds, dimorphism, inducers of dermatomycoses, dermatophytes. Inducers of subcutaneous and systemic fungal infections. Characteristics of human and animal parasites with emphasis on diagnostic procedures. Natural resistance, complement system, the immune system, antigens, antibodies, T-cell receptor and MHC molecules, lymphocyte activation, tolerance, regulation of immune response, immune response to microbial infections, infections due to compromised immunity, immunosuppression, microbiological and immunological diagnostics in organ transplantation, vaccines and routine vaccination programs, a historical outline of microbiology
General pharmacology: Definition of pharmacology, its relationship to other disciplines, drugs and drug target molecules, mechanisms of drug action, concentration – effect relationship analysis, drug receptors, pharmacokinetic processes and the fate of drugs in the organism, pharmacokinetic parameters, non-clinical drug testing. Basics of toxicology: Mechanisms of toxic effects of exogenous substances, toxicokinetics.
Practice in the reception clinic, practice in internal medicine departments, practice in internal medicine ambulatory clinic, monitoring functional diagnostics and evaluating laboratory reports, writing records of ambulatory patients, writing records of hospitalized patients, treatment planning, participation at consilium, duty service in internal medicine departments, review of patients at ward meetings and seminars.
Characteristics of facial, oral and neck anatomy which are associated with congenital abnormalities, injuries, infections, tumors, degenerative diseases and acquired facial irregularities, pre-prosthetic needs of treatment, temporomandibular joint diseases and dental and parodontal tissue dependent pathology. The student gets familiar with etiology, epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical picture, diagnostics and interdisciplinary treatment of maxillofacial and oral diseases.
The subject is substantially divided into modules: Musculoskeletal system diseases, injuries of the musculoskeletal system, diseases and injuries of arms, locomotor physical medicine and rehabilitation. This section encompasses the topographical anatomy of the musculoskeletal system, physical and physiological basics of musculoskeletal system kinematics, descriptions of musculoskeletal diseases and injuries, ways of determining musculoskeletal diseases and injuries, treatment and rehabilitation methods for diseases and injuries of the musculoskeletal systems, instruction for determining the final state (disability) after the disease or injury of the musculoskeletal system and methods for preventing injuries and diseases of the musculoskeletal system.
Functional units of the nervous system, symptoms and signs of nervous system diseases, classification of neurological diseases, ways to neurological diagnoses, emergency situations in neurology, chronic neurological diseases, borderline areas between neurology and psychiatry, infectious diseases which have an effect on the nervous system, operable neural diseases, neurological complications of diseases of other systems, treatment of neurological diseases and of pain (pharmacological and other treatments). Rehabilitation in neurology.
Specialties of anatomy and physiology of eyes, ocular appendages and orbit with special emphasis on disease processes in this area. Physiology of vision and ocular movements. Congenital abnormalities, injuries, inflammations, eye tumors and tumors of the orbit and paranasal sinuses. Epidemiology, etiology, pathogenesis, patient’s signs and symptoms. Diagnostic procedures in determining mentioned pathological conditions, possibilities and efficiency of treatment. Interdisciplinary cooperation.
Special features of the anatomy and physiology of ear, nasal organ, oral cavity, pharynx, larynx and neck with special emphasis on disease processes in this area. Physiology of hearing, equlibrium, smell and taste. Congenital abnormalities, injuries, inflammations, tumors of the ear, nose and paranasal sinuses, oral cavity, pharynx, larynx and neck. Epidemiology, etiology, pathogenesis, patient’s signs and symptoms of ORL disease Diagnostic procedures in the determination of mentioned pathological conditions, treatment options and efficiency of treatment. Interdisciplinary cooperation.
General pathology: Cell injury and cell adaptation, inflammation, regeneration and reparation, circulation disorders, immunopathology, neoplasia, genetically conditioned and pediatric diseases, infectious diseases, nutritional and environmental diseases. The most common pathologic processes will be presented with microscopic preparations. Special pathology: Cardiovascular pathology, gastrointestinal pathology, respiratory pathology, urological and nephrological pathology, pathology of the liver, pancreas, gallbladder and bile ducts, pathology of the central and peripheral nervous system; gynaecological pathology and breast pathology; pathology of the locomotory apparatus and hematopathology. The most common pathological entities will be presented with macroscopic preparations.
The following specialties are included in this subject: Internal medicine (pulmonology), surgery (thoracic), microbiology, imaging diagnostics. Detailed contents: Epidemiology of respiratory diseases, pathophysiology, pathomorphology, genetics of respiratory diseases; signs and symptoms of respiratory diseases; etiology of respiratory diseases (congenital abnormalities, hereditary factors, infections, degenerative changes, injuries, cancer), prevention of respiratory diseases, diagnostic procedures for respiratory diseases, principles of laboratory diagnostics; acute respiratory diseases (infections, including tuberculosis, ischemia, vasculopathy), chronic respiratory diseases (degenerative, malignant), emergency situations in respiratory diseases (respiratory failure, bleeding, asphyxia); treatment of respiratory diseases (non-pharmacological, pharmacological, rehabilitation); principles of diagnostics; treatment of pulmonary complications of an immunocompromised patient, guiding the patient before and after lung transplantation; principles of radiological diagnostics, interventional radiology procedures.
Practice in admission departments, practice in the emergency department, practice in check up departments, assistance at large surgeries, outpatients' surgery, writing of medical records for inpatients and outpatients, treatment planning, participation at consilliary meetings, being on duty in emergency departments, review of patients at ward meetings and at multimedia conferences.
The student becomes familiar with basics of classical forensic medicine from the mechanisms of natural and violent death to the signs of death. He acquires knowledge about the basics of identification, injury mechanisms and their forensic medical characteristics. He becomes acquainted with physical and gun-shot injuries, suffocations, the basics of forensic toxicology and hematology. He gets familiar with legislation (both health and criminal), with the basics of expert work with special emphasis on assessing body injuries. At the lectures he gets familiar with emergency situations, which may indicate criminal and indemnifying responsibility. He upgrades his knowledge of moral, ethical and deontological principles regarding the work of physician. The student integrates the knowledge of all preclinical and the majority of clinical subjects, consolidates his knowledge about shock, acquires the basics of physician's work in emergency medicine, he becomes familiar with physician's tasks in the case of infanticide as well as with medical error and iatrogenic injuries. He acquires knowledge about interdisciplinary cooperation in forensic medicine.
Specialties of anatomy and physiology of the female reproductive organs, pregnancy and labour with special emphasis on disease processes in this area. Physiology of menstrual cycle. Abnormalities in development of the reproductive system, irregularities in menstrual cycle, gynecological endocrinopathies, different periods of hormonal activity. Reproductive organs injuries, inflammation of reproductive organs, benign and malignant tumors of reproductive organs, static disorders, etiology, epidemiology, pathogenesis, patient’s symptoms and signs. Diagnostic procedures, treatments and interdisciplinary treatment. Physiology of pregnancy, infertility, types of treatment and treatment options for infertility. Legal and ethical aspects of reproductive medicine. Reproduction health, treatment with hormones, contraception. Physiology of pregnancy, the normal course of pregnancy and types of control, mandatory pregnancy examinations, monitoring of foetus development, normal childbirth and postpartum period. Non-invasive imaging tests, clinical monitoring of normal and pathological pregnancy. Pathological pregnancy, etiology, epidemiology, pathogenesis, patient’s signs and symptoms. Diagnostic procedures, types of treatment and interdisciplinary treatment. Adaptation of a newborn, prematurely born child. Physiology of lactation and lactation disorders, benign and malignant breast diseases; etiology, epidemiology, pathogenesis, patient’s symptoms and signs. Diagnostic procedures, types of treatment and interdisciplinary treatment.
Pediatric propedeutics, general pediatrics, social pediatrics, preventive and dispensary treatment of children, adolescents and young adults, normal growth and development, neonatology, pediatric cardiology, pediatric haematology and oncology, pediatric neurology, pediatric nephrology, pediatric pulmonology, pediatric infectology, pediatric immunology and rheumatology, pediatric gastroenterology, pediatric endocrinology, diabetology and metabolic diseases, clinical genetics, pediatric intensive therapy, pediatric surgery, pediatric psychiatry, pediatric nutritional sciences, pediatric imaging diagnostics, laboratory diagnostics, the psychology of a child, adolescent and young adult person and the ethics in pediatrics. Knowledge about comprehensive treatment of a pediatric patient and his family, knowledge about etiology, pathophysiology, patohistology, treatments, including the treatment with the use of medical technologies, monitoring and reintegration into original environment.
The following specialties are included in this subject: family medicine and occupational medicine. The subject contents are therefore divided into two parts, each part lasts six weeks. Student trainee guided by supervisor will be introduced to professional practice in the ambulatory care units of both specialties. Part of training activities is organized for small groups of students.
Review of drugs by pharmacodynamic groups: The mechanism of action and drug effects, indications and contraindications, pharmacokinetic properties, dosing and clinical use of drugs, poisonings with certain drugs. Toxicology: Intoxications with different poisons from the environment and their treatment.