BEST RESEARCH ACHIEVEMENTS 2021

University of Ljubljana every year traditionally opens the University Week with the presentation of the best research achievements. The purpose of the event is to emphasize the University’s focus on research and to present those researchers who achieved especially visible results that year. The Working Group of the Research and Development Committee evaluates and finalises the selection of the ten best achievements by focusing on their international impact, comprehensiveness, current relevance for the wider professional and general public, and applicability. All the proposals are assessed equally, regardless of the discipline, and regardless of whether they involved pure or applied research.

Ten best research achievements in 2021:

1. Bacteria also avoid DNA exchange among relatives

Kin discrimination promotes the horizontal transfer of genes among less related strains of B. subtilis, whereby the evolution of genomes can be accelerated towards increased diversity.

 

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2. The Slovenian subterranean world hides and protects a rich biodiversity

While studying the Niphargus valachicus crustaceans, researchers from the Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Agricultural Institute of Slovenia and University of Bern have discovered extensive adaptive radiation. In the past, this phenomenon occurring deep in the subterranean regions of the Dinara Karst led to an intense development of new species.

 

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3. Using machine learning to achieve better electricity price forecasting

The use of machine learning methods in electricity price forecasting can have a significant impact on the profitability of stakeholders in electrical energy markets.

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4. Intimate media and the technological nature of social relationships

Two researchers from the Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Ljubljana, Prof. Breda Luthar, PhD, and Prof. Maruša Pušnik, PhD, have determined that a radical mediatisation of everyday life has come about, and this is playing a major part in changing the generational structure of how things are felt or experienced.

 

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5. New antibiotics deal with super-resistant bacteria

An international research team led by Prof. Marko Anderluh, PhD, from the Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Ljubljana, and Nikola Minovski, PhD, from the Institute of Chemistry has synthesised new molecules that signify a breakthrough in the treatment of infections with super-resistant bacteria.

 

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6. Breakthrough in solving the famous Babai conjecture

Urban Jezernik, PhD, of the Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, University of Ljubljana and Sean Eberhard, PhD, of the University of Cambridge have made a significant contribution to solving Babai's conjecture for high-rank classical groups using random generators.

 

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7. New paradigm for the detection of visual defects on product surfaces

With the development of advanced data-based and teachable machine vision approaches, researchers from the Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology of the University of Ljubljana are making breakthroughs in the field of automatic product inspection.

 

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8. Hegel 250 – Too Late?

The publication with the above title proves that even today, on the 250th anniversary of his birth, Hegel's thought is still very current.

 

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9. New advanced cellular medication for prostate cancer immunotherapy

Researchers at the Medical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, the Celica Institute for Tissues and Cells, the Biomedicine Centre, the Donor Centre of the Ljubljana University Medical Centre and the Slovenian Transfusion Medicine Institute have developed and clinically tested a new cellular medication, aHyC, for immunotherapy in castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC).

 

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10. Organic contaminants of emerging concern can be managed using algae

With the development of an analytical method based on gas chromatography and mass spectrometry for the determination of selected contaminants of emerging concern in the algal aqueous and biomass phase, researchers from the Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ljubljana, and their associates have made an important step toward effective purification of wastewater.

 

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